@article{Goerlandt_Laine_Bal Be┼zik├ži_Baldauf_Al-Quhali_Koldenhof_2019, author = {Goerlandt, Floris and Laine, Valtteri and Bal Be┼zik├ži, Elif and Baldauf, Michael and Al-Quhali, Maher Ali and Koldenhof, Yvonne}, title = {End-user and Stakeholder Views on Selected Risk Assessment Tools for Marine Oil Spill Preparedness and Response, Including Future Research and Development Needs}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {13}, number = {1}, pages = {213-220}, year = {2019}, url = {./Article_End-user_and_Stakeholder_Views_Goerlandt,49,892.html}, abstract = {Risks in the maritime domain have various sources, of which the transportation of oil and other noxious products is one of key concern to industry and public stakeholders. Operational or accidental releases of oil or other pollutants from ships or offshore facilities into the marine environment can have disastrous effects on the marine ecosystems, while also leading to very significant economical losses. Therefore, national states have implemented various mechanisms for preventing and responding to pollution in the maritime domain, with activities which are often embedded in regional cooperation frameworks clustered around certain sea areas. To support collaborative, harmonized, and risk-informed oil spill Pollution Preparedness and Response (PPR) planning for response authorities, the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM), together with its research partners, and with extensive end-user and stakeholder inputs, have developed the OpenRisk Toolbox. This toolbox includes several risk assessment tools and techniques, which can assist in providing answers to a range of PPR risk management questions in a range of organizational contexts. To better understand and ensure the applicability and usefulness of the OpenRisk Toolbox, a workshop was organized where some of these tools were tested. Selected end user and stakeholder views on the perceived usefulness of the tools were collected and analyzed. Another workshop focused on further development needs to implement the tools in organizational practices. This paper first presents the OpenRisk Toolbox, then describes the settings of the workshops. Finally, a summary of the end-user and stakeholder views on the tested tools, and on future development needs, is given.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.13.01.22}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Risk Assessment, Oil Spill, Oil Spill Response, Marine Environment, Marine Oil Spill, Risk Assessment Tools, Pollution Preparedness and Response (PPR), Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM)} }