@article{Alfredini_Arasaki_de Melo Bernardino_da Silva_2018_1, author = {Alfredini, Paolo and Arasaki, Emilia and de Melo Bernardino, José Carlos and da Silva, Gabriela}, title = {Alternative study for the Nautical and Shore Protection Structures in the Estuary of Santos, Brazil}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {12}, number = {2}, pages = {375-380}, year = {2018}, url = {./Article_Alternative_study_for_the_Nautical_Alfredini,46,822.html}, abstract = {For the enlargement of the nautical dimensions of Santos Port Outer Access Channel (Brazil), training walls crossing the Offshore Bar are needed. The training walls choice to reduce dredging rates also induces to consider a coupling planning between nautical purposes and shore protection measures, as Santos Municipality have serious erosion problems nowadays due to the urban growth in the backshore and sea level rise. For decision support, the Hydraulic Laboratory of Engineering School of University of Sao Paulo was commissioned to study in a composite mathematical and scale model. Results include changes in wave height and direction and current speed analysis to conditions with training walls and segmented breakwaters. The water renewal was also analyzed to the condition with segmented breakwater and compared to current situation, based on hydrodynamics results and considering that this structure can reduce water quality in this area.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.12.02.19}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Nautical Protection Structures, Shore Protection, Estuary of Santos, Port of Santos, Santos Port Outer Access Channel, Offshore Bar, Hydraulic Laboratory, Shoreline Protection Issues} }