@article{Kamis_Ahmad Fuad_2022_2, author = {Kamis, Amir Syawal and Ahmad Fuad, Ahmad Faizal}, title = {A Comparison Study between Advance Transfer Technique and Advance Transfer Mathematical Model Using Bulk Carrier Ship: Cross-track Distance Validation by Percentage Change and Mann Whitney U Test}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {16}, number = {3}, pages = {541-551}, year = {2022}, url = {./Article_A_Comparison_Study_between_Advance_Kamis,63,1247.html}, abstract = {One of the methods of efficient course alteration is through the accurate identification of the WOP by ATT. ATT is widely used by mariners worldwide, and recently, the technique has been restructured and enhanced into ATMM. To prove the efficacy of ATMM over ATT, a few types of ships have been used to carry out the manoeuvring analysis. This study extends the analysis by using a bulk carrier ship. A ship simulator was used for a manoeuvring simulation study, which was carried out to verify the differences between these two methods. Throughout the manoeuvring simulation study, XTD data for each simulation was monitored and verified by XTL compliance, percentage variation, and the Wilcoxon-Mann Whitney U Test via IBM SPSS. It was found that the ATMM can produce a significantly improved WOP compared to ATT and is suitable to be used onboard a bulk carrier ship. This research's finding is expected to contribute as evidence to strengthen ATMM's efficiency so that it can be accepted as an ECDIS algorithm for ship navigation.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.16.03.17}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {ECDIS (Electronic Chart Display and Information System), Wheel Over Point (WOP), IBM SPSS, Bulk Carriers, Cross-Track Distance (XTD), Advanced Transfer Technique (ATT), Advance Transfer Mathematical Model (ATMM, Wilcoxon-Mann Whitney U Test} }