@article{Rutkowski_2019_2, author = {Rutkowski, Grzegorz}, title = {A Comparison Between Conventional Buoy Mooring CBM, Single Point Mooring SPM and Single Anchor Loading SAL Systems Considering the Hydro-meteorological Condition Limits for Safe Ship’s Operation Offshore}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {13}, number = {1}, pages = {187-195}, year = {2019}, url = {./Article_A_Comparison_Between_Conventional_Rutkowski,49,889.html}, abstract = {The purpose and scope of this paper is to describe the characteristics and make comparisons between: Conventional Buoy Mooring (CBM), also referred to as Multi-Buoy Moorings (MBM), Single Point Mooring (SPM) and conventional Single Anchor Loading (SAL) systems considering the hydro meteorological condition limits enabling safe ship’s cargo and manoeuvring operation offshore. These systems (CBM, SPM and SAL) are typically used for short term mooring applications offshore associated with the offloading and loading of bulk liquid fuel tankers transporting refined and unrefined products of crude oil. The permanently moored vessels FSO/FPSO are excluded from this scope.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.13.01.19}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Offshore Operations, Conventional Buoy Mooring (CBM), Single Point Mooring (SPM), Single Anchor Loading (SAL), Hydrometeorological Condition Limits, Multiple Buoy Mooring (MBM), Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC), Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO)} }