@article{Mutmainnah_Furusho_2016, author = {Mutmainnah, Wanginingastuti and Furusho, Masao}, title = {4M Overturned Pyramid (MOP) Model Utilization: Case Studies on Collision in Indonesian and Japanese Maritime Traffic Systems (MTS)}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {10}, number = {2}, pages = {257-264}, year = {2016}, url = {./Article_4M_Overturned_Pyramid_(MOP)_Model_Mutmainnah,38,647.html}, abstract = {4M Overturned Pyramid (MOP) model is a new model, proposed by authors, to characterized MTS which is adopting epidemiological model that determines causes of accidents, including not only active failures but also latent failures and barriers. This model is still being developed. One of utilization of MOP model is characterizing accidents in MTS, i.e. collision in Indonesia and Japan that is written in this paper. The aim of this paper is to show the characteristics of ship collision accidents that occur both in Indonesian and Japanese maritime traffic systems. There were 22 collision cases in 2008?2012 (8 cases in Indonesia and 14 cases in Japan). The characteristics presented in this paper show failure events at every stage of the three accident development stages (the beginning of an accident, the accident itself, and the evacuation process).}, doi = {10.12716/1001.10.02.08}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Maritime Traffic Systems (MTS), 4M Overturned Pyramid (MOP), Indonesian Waters, Japanese Waters, Ship Collision Risk, Collision Risk, Ship Collision, Ships Accident} }