@article{Pagowski_Szafran_2014, author = {Pagowski, Zbigniew and Szafran, Krzysztof}, title = {'Ground effect' Inter-Modal Fast Sea Transport}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {8}, number = {2}, pages = {317-320}, year = {2014}, url = {./Article_Ground_effect_Inter-Modal_Fast_Pagowski,30,512.html}, abstract = {Energy and emission reduction strategies are extremely important in actual transport situation. ?Ground effect? technology recognized from the late sixties has a problem with wide expanding in sea transport. It is connected with stability and control systems, aerodynamics of landing and take off also sea state of civil and military Ground Effect Craft named also WIGs ((Wing in Ground effect) or ekranoplanes Airfoil Development Gmbh (AFD) was certified in late 90-ies interesting design of ekranoplane ? Airfish 8? by Germanischer Llyod ( +100 A0 WIG ? A , WH 0,5/1,5 EXP) like the fist civil ekranoplane. The Hoverwing 50 alias WST 500- has successful flown in Korea under AFD licence. Last developments in the aviation field indicates new role in maritime transport of WIG?s. Innovations in the fields of aviation improving the performances of WIGs in new future make possible to introduce this idea like "Ground effect" Inter-Modal Fast Sea Transport, which complement other modes of transport and flow of passengers also.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.08.02.18}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Sea Transportation, Ground Effect, Intermodal Transport, Fast Sea Transport, Wing in Ground (WIG), Airfoil Development (AFD), Ekranoplane, WIG Aircraft} }