ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@umg.edu.pl
Learning to Swim - How Operational Design Parameters Determine the Grade of Autonomy of Ships
ABSTRACT: In recent years, ideas and applications for autonomous shipping have been rapidly increasing. In most of today’s ship bridge systems decision support systems with different capabilities are installed and officers of the watch rely on them. First tests with fully and constrained autonomous ships are on the way. One of them is the B0 | BZERO project, with the aim of an autonomous 8-hour watch-free bridge, while the ship is still manned. The system’s constraints are captured in the operational design domain (ODD) defining all conditions under which the autonomous system can operate safely. We propose the definition of a preliminary ODD considering both regulatory and technical restrictions. Furthermore, we present a new way of defining the level of autonomy of a ship by using the ODD and navigational specifications.
Abilio Ramos, M., Utne, I.B., Mosleh, A.: C - doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2019.02.038
Colwell, I., Phan, B., Saleem, S., Salay, - doi:10.1109/IVS.2018.8500530
Farah, H., Bhusari, S., Gent, P. van, Babu - doi:10.1109/TITS.2020.2969928
France, W.N., Levadou, M., Treakle, T.W. - doi:10.5957/mt1.2003.40.1.1
International Maritime Organization: Autonomous Shipping, https://www.imo.org/en/MediaCentre/HotTopics/Pages/Autonomous-shipping.aspx, last accessed 2021/03/26.
International Maritime Organization: Colregs-international regulations for preventing collisions at sea: Articles of the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. (1972).
Kim, M., Joung, T.-H., Jeong, B., Park, H.-S.: - doi:10.1080/25725084.2020.1779427
Koopman, P., Fratrik, F.: How many operational design domains, objects, and events? Presented at the AAAI Workshop on Artificial Intelligence Safety (2019).
Mathes, S., Herberg, J., Berking, B., Behnke, J., Jonas, M.: Functional scope and model of integrated navigation systems - a toolbox for identification and testing. (2001).
Meucci, A., Young, I.R., Aarnes, O.J., Br - doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0540.1
Parasuraman, R., Sheridan, T.B., Wic - doi:10.1109/3468.844354
Porathe, T., Hoem, Å., Rødseth, Ø., Fjørtoft, K., Johnsen, S.O.: At least as safe as manned shipping? Autonomous shipping, safety and “human error.” In: Haugen, S., Barros, A., Gulijk, C. van, Kongsvik, T., and Vinnem, J.E. (eds.) Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World. pp. 417–425 CRC Press, London (2018).
Rødseth, Ø., Nordahl, H.: Definitions for - doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.22209.17760
Rødseth, Ø.J.: Defining Ship Autonomy by Characteristic Factors. In: 19-26. pp. 19–26 SINTEF Academic Press, Busan, Korea (2018).
SAE International: J3016B: Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to Driving Automation Systems for On-Road Motor Vehicles, https://www.sae.org/standards/content/j3016_201806/, last accessed 2021/05/10.
Zakaria, N.M.G.: Effect of ship size, forward speed and wave direction on relative wave height of container ships in rough seas. The Institution of Engineers. 72, 3, 21–34 (2009).
Citation note:
Ugé C., Hochgeschurz S.: Learning to Swim - How Operational Design Parameters Determine the Grade of Autonomy of Ships. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 15, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.15.03.02, pp. 501-509, 2021

Other publications of authors:

File downloaded 58 times

Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony