@article{Astle_Schwarzberg_2013, author = {Astle, Hugh and Schwarzberg, Peter}, title = {Towards a Universal Hydrographic Data Model}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {7}, number = {4}, pages = {567-571}, year = {2013}, url = {./Article_Towards_a_Universal_Hydrographic_Astle,28,468.html}, abstract = {The International Hydrographic Organization?s (IHO) [1] Transfer Standard for Digital Hydrographic Data S-57 [2] standard has been in force for more than a decade, and has successfully been used for official ENCs adopted by Hydrographic Offices around the world and by navigation equipment manufacturers. Additionally S-57 has been used for many additional purposes. However S-57, and especially the administration of the standard, has also experienced limitations. In 2010, IHO released the next generation hydrographic standard called S-100 Universal Hydrographic Data Model [3]. A move that will open up the door to new possibilities to existing S-57 users and potentially broaden the use of IHO standards in the hydrographic community. This paper will try to explain why an S-57 replacement was needed and give examples on some possibilities with S-100 and its derived product specifications such as S-101.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.07.04.12}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), GIS Technology, Geographic Information System (GIS), Maritime Applications, IHO Transfer Standard for Digital Hydrographic Data S-57, Hydrographic Offices, Universal Hydrographic Data Model (UHDM), IHO S-100} }