@article{Magramo_2007, author = {Magramo, Melchor M.}, title = {The Semirara Oil Spill: Its Implications to Maritime Legislations}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {1}, number = {3}, pages = {333-335}, year = {2007}, url = {./Article_The_Semirara_Oil_Spill:_Its_Implications_Magramo,3,46.html}, abstract = {In the stormy morning of December 18, 2005, Power Barge 106 operated by the National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) ran aground some 200 meters off Barangay Semirara. Approximately 364,120 liters, equivalent to 1,734 barrels or 364 tons of bunker oil was spilled in the area. The study unraveled the circumstances which led to the grounding of the tugboat and the barge off Semirara Island: the captain going near a coral reef and taking the very big risk of grounding; responsible person handling the wheel of the tugboat at the time of the grounding; the supervisor?s competence and qualifications as deck officer; the position of the vessel prior to grounding; the navigational equipment of the tugboat; and the absence of clearance from the Coast Guard. Findings revealed that the captain of the tugboat towing the power barge did not inform the Coast Guard about the incident.}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Oil Spill, Pollution, Environment Protection, Clean-up Operations, Semirara, Practice of Navigation, MARPOL Convention, Maritime Legislation} }