@article{Artyszuk_2010, author = {Artyszuk, Jaroslaw}, title = {Simulation of Load Distribution along a Quay during Unparallel Berthing Manoeuvres}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {4}, number = {3}, pages = {273-278}, year = {2010}, url = {./Article_Simulation_of_Load_Distribution_Artyszuk,15,231.html}, abstract = {The marine berths are normally secured for safety reasons with a system of fenders. Their role is to absorb and dissipate the kinetic energy of a ship coming into a contact with a berth, so the structural integrity of both the berth and ship's hull is preserved. Normally the combination of a number and the single fender strength indicate the ship's maximum allowable lateral speed in parallel berthing conditions (of course, with a safety margin frequently taken into account). More or less directly and/or approximately, this is also a general selection method for fender systems. The main objective of this conference contribution, as inspired by some suggestions and needs within a domestic marine society since the author's developed and successfully implemented fender effect in ship manoeuvring simulation, is to analyse the local loads in a particular fender around the region of contact during an oblique berthing. Various conditions of ship's lateral and angular velocities are tested. The results are compared with some practical shiphandling tips, as to be found in the literature, leading to a necessity of revision of the existing practice. The presented investigations are believed to be very helpful also for fender system designers.}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Load Distribution, Manoeuvring, Ship Berthing, Unparallel Berthing, Simulation Experiment, Fender Impact Effect, Port Operations, Fender Local Loads} }