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ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Safety and Security Aspects for the Effective Shipment of Radioactive Materials with Maritime Transportation
Z. Er 1
1 Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
ABSTRACT: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) estimates that 10 million shipments of radio-active materials are transported annually. Each shipment is made up of either a single package or a number of packages transported from one location to another. The vast majority of these shipments, some 95%, relate to non-fuel cycle transports such as the transport of smoke detectors, and cobalt sources for medical purposes. Only 5% relate to nuclear fuel cycle transports. This study investigates the safety stability aspect, harmonized regulation based transportation, sustaining shipment aspect for the transportation of radioactive materials by ships. Consequently the originality of this paper appears the alignment of existing maritime rules and regulations with the IAEA regulations in order to provide easy understanding and usage for the establishment of code of safe and secure practices for seafarers with the countermeasures and harmonized regulations that are practically implemented by the navigation officers and Master.
REFERENCES
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IAEA Safety Requirements. 2005, Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, IAEA Safety Standards for protecting people and the environment, No. TS-R-1, International Atomic Energy Agency, Austria, August.
IAEA Safety Report Series No. 34. 2003, Radiation Protection and Management of Radiactive Waste ,n the Oil and Gas Industry, International Atomic Energy Agency, Austria, November.
IAEA–TCS-0103. 2002. Traınıng Course Serıes No. 1, Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, Third Edition, IAEA, Vienna, December
ICCP (Intergovernmental Committee for the Cartagena Protocol), 2004. Technical group of experts on liability and redress iın the context of the Cartagena Protocol on biosafety, Montreal, 18-20 October.
IMDG Code. 2005. International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, International Maritime Organization Publication.
WNTI Review Series No. 1, 2006. An overview of safety regulations and the organizations responsible for their development, radioactive materials transport, the inter-national safety regime report, London, July.
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WPP-04. 2004. WNTI Presentation Paper, Development and Worldwide Use of IAEA Transport Regulations, Lorne Green, World Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Madrid, Spain, March 30–April 2.
Citation note:
Er Z.: Safety and Security Aspects for the Effective Shipment of Radioactive Materials with Maritime Transportation. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 303-309, 2008

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