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ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Safety and Environmental Concern Analysis for LNG Carriers
1 Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
ABSTRACT: The main attempt of this study is to overview and to discuss occupational safety and environmental conciseness for the transportation of LNG with gas carriers. LNG is transported by a fleet of 157 LNG tankers of varying sizes from 18,500 m3 to 140,000 m3. This study investigates the technological development and innovation in LNG transportation while considering safety and environmental standards and regulations for LNG shipping. It is also originally contributing the process safety for decision making process for the MET institutions while planning the further needs of LNG industry during the planning of their related curricula. The further research activities could also be concentrated on quantitative risk evaluations of LNG equipment, based on risk maintenance and reliability concepts.
REFERENCES
ABSG Consulting Inc., 2004. Consequence assessment methods for incidents involving releases from liquefied natural gas carriers, Report 131-04, May 4.
American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), 2000. Guidance notes on risk assessment application for the marine and offshore oil and gas industries, ABS, Houston, TX, June.
Bainbridge, K. 2003. Overview of LNG shipping, Proceeding Fundamentals of Base load LNG Conference, Gas Technology Institute, MD, 22–25 September.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2006. June.
EN 1473, 1996. Installation and Equipment for Liquefied Natural Gas—Design of Onshore Installations.
International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF), 2007. website, Historical incident summary, available at http://www.itopf.com/
Mizner G.A. & Eyer J. 1983. Radiation from liquefied gas fires on water, Combustion Science Technology 35-33.
National Federal Protection Agency (NFPA) 59A, 2001. Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), USA.
Paik J., Choe I.H. & Thayamballi A.K. 2001, On accidental limit state design of spherical type LNG carrier structures against ship collisions, Proc 2nd International Collision and Grounding of Ships Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Pitblado R., Baik J., Hughes G., Ferro C. & Shaw S. 2004. Consequences of LNG marine incidents, Proceeding CCPS Conference, Orlando, FL, June.
SIGTTO (Society of International Gas Tanker and Terminal Operators), 2003. LNG operations in port areas - Recommendations for the management of operational risk attaching to liquefied gas tanker and terminal operations in port areas, 1st Edition, London, UK.
U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2005. Annual Energy Outlook, DOE/EIA-0383(2005), http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeohtml
Citation note:
Er I.D.: Safety and Environmental Concern Analysis for LNG Carriers. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 421-426, 2007

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