HomePage
 




 


 

ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Principles of Vessel Route Planning in Ice on the Northern Sea Route
1 Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland
ABSTRACT: A complex of ice cover characteristics and the season of the year were considered in relation to vessel route planning in ice-covered areas on the NSR. The criteria for navigation in ice - both year-round and seasonal were analyzed. The analysis of the experts knowledge, dissipated in the literature, allowed to identify some rules of route planning in ice-covered areas. The most important processes from the navigation point of view are the development and disintegration of ice, the formation and disintegration of fast ice and behavior of the ice massifs and polynyas. The optimal route is selected on basis of available analysis and forecast maps of ice conditions and ice class, draught and seaworthiness of the vessel. The boundary of the ice indicates areas accessible to vessels without ice class. Areas with a concentration of ice from 0 to 6/10 are used for navigation of vessels of different ice classes. Areas of concentration of ice from 7/10 up are eligible for navigation for icebreakers and vessels with a high ice class with the assistance of icebreakers. These rules were collected in the decision tree. Following such developed decision-making model the master of the vessel may take decision independently by accepting grading criteria of priorities resulting from his knowledge, experience and the circumstances of navigation. Formalized form of decision making model reduces risk of the "human factor" in the decision and thereby help improve the safety of maritime transport.
REFERENCES
Arikaynen A.I., 1990. Navigation in the Arctic ice [in Russian] (Судоходство во льдах Арктики), Transport, Moscov: 247.
Arikaynen A.I., Tsubakov K.N., 1987. Alphabet of ice navigation [in Russian] (Азбука ледового плавания), Transport, Moskva: 224.
CCG, 2012. Canadian Coast Guard, Ice Navigation in Canadian Waters, Ottawa: 165.
Holec M., Tymański P., 1973. Fundamentals of meteorology and meteorological navigation [in Polish] (Podstawy meteorologii i nawigacji meteorologicznej). Wy-dawnictwo Morskie, Gdańsk: 544.
Jurdziński M., 2003. Fundamentals of maritime navigation [in Polish] (Podstawy nawigacji morskiej), Wydawnictwo Akademii Morskiej w Gdyni, Gdynia: 519.
Jurdziński M., 2000. Planning of navigation in ice [in Polish] (Planowanie nawigacji w lodach), Wyższa Szkoła Morska, Gdynia: 192.
Jurdziński M., 1989. Navigational voyage planning [in Polish] (Nawigacyjne planowanie podróży), Wydawnictwo Morskie, Gdańsk: 188.
Khvochtchinski N.I., Batskikh Y.I., 1998. The northern sea route as an element of the ICZM system in the Arctic: problems and perspectives. Ocean & Coastal Management, 41: 161-173.
Kjerstad N., 2011. Ice Navigation. Tapir Academic Press, Trondheim: 169.
Marchenko N., 2012. Russian Arctic Seas. Navigational conditions and accidents, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg: 293.
Mironov E.U. (ed), Frolov S.V., Klyachkin S.V., Gudkovich Z.M., May R.I., Benzeman V.Y., Adamovich N.M., Gorbunov Y.A., Losev S.M., Dyment L.N., Buzin I.V., Egorov A.G., Yulin A.V., Panov V.V., Lavrenov I.V., Pasechnik T.A., Dymov V.I., Yakovleva N.P., 2010. Dangerous ice phenomena for navigation in the Arctic [in Russian] (Опасные ледовые явления для судоходства в Арктике), AARI, St. Petersburg: 320.
Mulherin N.D., Eppler D.T., Proshutinsky T.O., Proshutinsky A.Y., Farmer L.D., Smith O.P., 1996. Development and results of a Northern Sea Route Transit Model. CRELL Report 96-5, US Army Corps of Engineers: 104.
Pastusiak T., 2016. The Northern Sea Route as a shipping lane. Expectations and Reality, Springer International Publishing: 247.
Pastusiak T., 2015/1. Navigation infrastructure of the Northern Sea Route, Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, Szczecin:74-82.
Pastusiak T., 2015/2. Maritime accidents in the polar regions. Causes and effects [in Polish] (Wypadki morskie w rejonach polarnych. Przyczyny i skutki), Prace Wydziału Nawigacyjnego Akademii Morskiej w Gdyni, Vol. 30.
Timco G.W., Gorman B., Falkingham J., O’Connell B., 2005. Scoping Study: Ice Information Requirements for Marine Transportation of Natural Gas from the High Arctic. Technical Report CHC-TR-029, Canadian Hydraulics Centre, Ottawa: 124.
Wiśniewski B., Drozd A., 2000. Navigation on Canadian waters [in Polish] (Żegluga na wodach kanadyjskich). Wyższa Szkoła Morska w Szczecinie, Szczecin: 174.
Citation note:
Pastusiak T.: Principles of Vessel Route Planning in Ice on the Northern Sea Route. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 10, No. 4, doi:10.12716/1001.10.04.07, pp. 587-592, 2016

Other publications of authors:


File downloaded 533 times








Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony