ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
How Does Digital Navigation on Sailboats Affect Spatial Abilities at Sea?
ABSTRACT: Although SOLAS still requires nautical paper charts on pleasure crafts, more and more sailors prefer navigating digitally. What are the impacts on their spatial abilities? We conducted a field experiment at the Baltic coast and two simulator experiments with altogether 40 sailors. Participants plotted and/or piloted routes either in the classic manner on paper charts or digitally on an ECS. We assessed the situation awareness, the cognitive map, and (for the simulator only) the wayfinding with and without the navigation media. We found that digital navigation significantly impaired the cognitive map. Its impact on situation awareness, however, depended on previous navigation habits: Only sailors who used their paper charts regularly and actively benefitted from the ECS. We concluded that ECS navigation with its high level of automation lastingly alters spatial perception at sea and impairs orienting. With the vulnerable electricity supply on sailboats, this is a safety issue for shipping.
Asyali, E. 2012. The role of ECDIS in improving situation awareness. In: 13th Annual General Assembly of the IAMU. Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada: 123-136.
Burnett, G.E.& Lee, K. 2005. The effect of vehicle navigation systems on the formation of cognitive maps. In: G. Underwood (ed.), Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application: 407–418. Amsterdam: Elsevier. - doi:10.1016/B978-008044379-9/50188-6
Endsley, M. 1995a. Toward a theory of situation awareness in dynamic systems. Human Factors 37(1): 32-64. - doi:10.1518/001872095779049543
Endsley, M. 1995b. Measurement of situation awareness in dynamic systems. Human Factors 37(1): 65-84. - doi:10.1518/001872095779049499
Grech, M. & Horberry, T. 2002. Human error in maritime operations: Situation awareness and accident reports. Paper presented at the 5th International Workshop on Human Error, Safety and Systems Development, Newcastle, Australia.
IMO 2014. SOLAS, International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended, Consolidated Edition. IMO: London.
IMO 2017. ECDIS – Guidance for Good Practice. IMO: London.
Ishikawaa, T., Fujiwarab, H., Imaic, O., Okabe, A. 2008. Wayfinding with a GPS-based mobile navigation system: A comparison with maps and direct experience. Journal of Environmental Psychology 28 (1): 74–82. - doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2007.09.002
Math, R., Mahr, A., Moniri, M. M., & Müller, C. 2013. OpenDS: A new open-source driving simulator for research. GMM-Fachbericht-AmE 2013.
Müller-Plath, G. 2018. Planen besser auf Papier. Nautische Nachrichten der Kreuzerabteilung des Deutschen Segler-verbandes 53(2): 18-21.
Münzer, S., Zimmer, H.D. & Baus, J. 2012. Navigation assistance: A trade-off between wayfinding support and configural learning support. Journal of Experimental Psychology Applied 18(1):18-37. - doi:10.1037/a0026553
Nadel, L. 2013. Cognitive maps. In: D. Waller & L. Nadel (Eds.), Handbook of Spatial Cognition. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association: 155-171. - doi:10.1037/13936-009
R Core Team 2018. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
Shao, J. 1997. An asymptotic theory for linear model selection. Statistica Sinica 7: 221-264.
Tolman, E.C. 1948. Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review 55: 189-208. - doi:10.1037/h0061626
Waller, D. & Nadel, L. (Eds.) 2013. Handbook of Spatial Cognition. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. - doi:10.1037/13936-000
Citation note:
Müller-Plath G.: How Does Digital Navigation on Sailboats Affect Spatial Abilities at Sea?. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 13, No. 2, doi:10.12716/1001.13.02.05, pp. 299-296, 2019

File downloaded 17 times

Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony