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ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Determination of the Tankers' Drift During STS Operation - Simulation Study
1 Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland
ABSTRACT: The safety of the tankers during the Ship-to-Ship operations carried out in shallow water close to port limit is influenced by many factors. Based on the experience of ship crew involved in STS operation it was found that area for such operation and weather analyses is the most important factors affecting the safety of the tankers. Wind speed and accompanying waves very often determine if such operation could be commenced. For the article simulations were carried out with maximum allowable wind speed and waves for such operation to obtain the drift of both tankers and capacity of area for STS operation. The results obtained from simulations allowed to assess the required space for tankers involved in STS operation.
REFERENCES
IMO, MARPOL 73/78 Annex I, Chapter 8: “Prevention of Pollution during Transfer of Oil Cargo between Oil Tankers at Sea”, Regulations 40, 41 and 42 , London 2014
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ABS, STS Transfer operations Plan for compliance with MARPOL Annex I , Chapter 8 revision 3.
CDI, ICS, OCIMF & SIGTTO, Ship to Ship Transfer Guide first edition, Edinburgh: Whitersby Publishing Group Ltd., 2013.
ICS, OCIMF and IAPH, International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals, ISGOTT 5th Edition., London: Withersby, 2006.
Deakin R.E., Hunter M.N., Karney C.F.F., The Gauss-Krüger Projection, Proceedings of the 23rd Victorian Regional Survey Conference, Warrnambool 2010.
Specht C., Szot T., i Specht M., The Research of Accuracy of the Personal GPS Receivers in Dynamic Measurements, Technika Transportu Szynowego, no. 10, p. 2547–2555, 2013 (in Polish).
Cornish M., Ives E., Reeds Maritime Meteorology, 3rd Edition, Adlard Coles Nautical, London 2014.
Kongsberg Maritime, Description of Ship Model TANK16B Version 3, Doc.No.TANK16B ver.3 / 24-Jul-2015, 2015.
Kongsberg Maritime, Description of Ship Model VLCC05L Version 15, Doc.No.VLCC05L ver.15 / 24-Jul-2015, 2015.
Citation note:
Formela K., Gil M., Wilczyński P.: Determination of the Tankers' Drift During STS Operation - Simulation Study. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 10, No. 4, doi:10.12716/1001.10.04.11, pp. 619-623, 2016
Authors in other databases:
Kamil Formela: Scopus icon55757161200
Mateusz Gil:
Przemysław Wilczyński:

Other publications of authors:


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