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A Case Study of the Wind Impact on Ship Ice-sticking
1 Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia
ABSTRACT: In the paper, the impact of wind on a ferry sailing in ice field is described and analysed. Two ice-sticking events on the Gulf of Finland are taken for the case study. The wind, especially its direction, is stated as an important factor to entrap a vessel in the ice. The wind blowing across the vessel longitude axis caused both the ships to stick.
REFERENCES
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O. Pärn, “Sea Ice Deformation Events in the Gulf of Finland and Their Impact on Shipping,”. Marine Systems Institute at Tallinn University of Technologyrsity, TTÜ Press, 2011.
O. Pärn and J. Haapala, “Ice deformation in the Gulf of Finland in the severe winter of 2002/2003,” vol. 62, Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2013, pp. 15-25.
Baltic Icebreaking Management. (2010). Baltic Sea Icebreaking Report 2009-2010 [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee.org/documents/ieeecitationref.pdf
S. Hänninen, “Incidents and Accidents in Winter Navigation in the Baltic Sea,” Finnish Maritime Administration, Helsinki, Finland, Rep. 54, 2003.
W. B. Tucker, III, D.K. Perovich, M. A. Hopkins and W. D. Hibler, III. “On the relationship between local stresses and strains in Arctic pack ice,” Ann. Glac., vol. 15, 1991.
H. Villak. (2011, Feb. 12). Nordlandia jäi Soome vetes jäävangi (Nordlandia got stuck in ice in Finnish waters) [Online]. Available: http://reis.postimees.ee/224007/nordlandia-jai-soome-vetes-jaavangi
Veeteede Amet (Estonian Maritime Administration). (2003). Laevaõnnetused 2003 (Ship damages 2003) [Online]. Available: http://www.vta.ee/index.php?id=727&highlight=Saxen
Citation note:
Rjazin J., Pärn O.: A Case Study of the Wind Impact on Ship Ice-sticking. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 10, No. 4, doi:10.12716/1001.10.04.06, pp. 583-585, 2016

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